Deep Sky Observations - Overview

Introduction | Overview of Observed Objects (Sorted by Names) | Overview of Observed Objects (Sorted by Season) | Remarks | References | Appendix: Overviews of the Observation Pages

Since 2016, I conducted simple "deep sky observations," which might be of interest to other beginners and are therefore listed here. This page provides an overview of the respective observations. For your convenience (and my), the observed objects are listed in two orders alphabetically by catalog, and by prime season and constellation. In the appendix, I also add the original lists from my observations series, on which this page is based.

I selected the observation objects primarily on the basis of my literature (see references).

 

Conditions

Observation Location

Most observations were conducted in Mühlhausen/Kraichgau (Germany):

I conducted further deep sky observations in Erkerode (near Braunschweig, Germany) and in France (Sumène, close to Saint Julien-Chapteuil, Haute Loire, France):

Devices Used

I tried all my telescopes and, except for the GSD 680 (8" Dobsonian), also used them at times on my GoTo control (Sky-Watcher Star Discovery). Moreover, I used my 10 x 25 binoculars, which are not all night glasses. In October 2017, I also acquired 10 x 60 binoculars.

I used all kinds of eyepieces, but preferred my UWA eyepieces (16 mm, 7 mm, 4 mm) as well as a 32 mm Plössl eyepiece and a 24 mm WA eyepiece for maximum overview.

General Conditions

In general, the sky above Mühlhausen/Kraichgau is "light-polluted" and does not invite you to search for Deep Sky objects. This is certainly one of the reasons why I found some of the Deep Sky objects that I wanted to observe only sometimes or not at all. Often, the sky was not yet dark enough for observing deep sky objects ...

I conducted further deep sky observations in Erkerode (near Braunschweig, Germany) and later in autumn also in France (Sumène, Haute Loire, France). The sky above Sumène, Haute Loire (France) is relatively dark (the Betz observatory used by the Orion43 group is near-by).

 

Overview of Observed Objects (Sorted by Names)

Messier Objects

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE   P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb very faint, n.f. with 100P  
M 3   Canes Venatici GC   150PDS GT Spring May similar to M 5 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications +
M 5   Serpens Caput GC   150PDS GT Spring May similar to M 3 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications +
M 8 Lagoon Nebula Sagittarius GN+OC   100P, SM102 GT Summer Aug, Sep seen only stars, perhaps some glow...  
M 10   Ophiuchus GC   SM102 GT Summer Sep faint glow  
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster Scutum OC   SM102 GT, P130 GT Summer Sep seen stars, a nebula within  
M 12   Ophiuchus     SM102 GT Summer Sep faint glow  
M 13   Hercules GC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, 102 GT, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 Summer May, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov largest observed GC, some stars visible with 4 mm eyepiece (187.5 x), grainy, somewhat resolved into stars +
M 15   Pegasus GC   100P Autumn Sep, Oct not as large as M 13 +
M 16   Serpens     SM102 GT Summer Sep distant, IC 4703 n.f.  
M 17 Omega/Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE   SM102 GT Summer Sep only stars, a faint glow at best  
M 20 Trifid Nebula Sagittarius GE   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT Summer Aug, Sep seen only stars, not a real "find"...  
M 21   Sagittarius OC   ??? Summer ???   ?
M 23   Sagittarius OC   ??? Summer ???   ?
M 24   Sagittarius SP   ??? Summer ???   ?
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN   ??? Summer ??? Glow  
M 29   Cygnus OC   ??? Summer ???   ?
M 31   Andromeda G LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Autumn Feb, Sep, Oct, Nov seen best in France, even with binoculars +
M 34   Perseus OC LT, TS 100P Autumn Nov in binoculars more of a glow  
M 35   Gemini OC   100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb, May rich of stars and nice +
M 36   Auriga OC   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb the brightest cluster of M 36-38 +
M 37   Auriga OC   100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb outside of Auriga's "body" +
M 38   Auriga OC   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb most difficult to find of M 36-38 +
M 39   Cygnus OC LT, TS   Summer Nov at the upper left end of an Y  
M 41   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb does not impress in the telescope...  
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb, Mar, Nov beautiful, particularly at higher magnifications; at higher magnifications, the Trapezium can be resolved +
M 44 Praesepe/Crib Cancer OC LT 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT Winter Feb, Mar, May very nice also in binoculars; ditto in the telescope +
M 45 Pleiades Taurus OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb, Oct, Nov large and nice, particularly in binoculars +
M 46   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Winter Mar M 46 cluster seen, faint but nice; like a nebula at low magnifications; nebula NGC 2438 not seen  
M 47   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Winter Mar brighter than M 46  
M 48   Hydra OC   P130 GT Spring Mar nice, but not bright  
M 49   Virgo G   150PDS GT Spring May small, but seen well  
M 50   Monoceros OC   P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter May nicer than M 48, filled the view  
M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT Spring May glow (brighter nucleus?), diffuse something...  
M 53   Coma Berenices GC   150PDS GT Spring May smallest observed GC, somewhat grainy, brighter nucleus at high magnification  
M 56   Lyra GC   100P Summer Sep, Oct sphere visible, but clearly smaller than M 13 and M 92  
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN   SM102 GT, P130 GT, 100P Summer Sep, Oct ring may be guessed at high magnifications at best...  
M 64   Coma Berenices G   150PDS GT Spring May glow, but seen well  
M 65/66   Leo G   150PDS GT Spring May sometimes, I could see two faint galaxies, often only one  
M 67   Cancer OC   150PDS GT Winter May somewhat distant OC  
M 71   Sagitta GC   ??? Summer ??? M 71 was very distant....  
M 78   Orion GR   P130 GT Winter ??? hard to see...  
M 81/82 Bode Galaxies Ursa Major G   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT North Feb, May, Sep two galaxies, oblique to the left, rounder to the right (+)
M 87   Virgo G   150PDS GT Spring May perhaps spherical glow, not much to see  
M 92   Hercules GC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, 102 GT, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 Summer May, Aug, Sep, Oct similar to M 3 and M 5, somewhat grainy at high magnifications (+)
M 93   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Winter Mar nice at high magnification, only glow otherwise  
M 94   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT Spring May glow  
M 96   Leo G   150PDS GT Spring May sometimes, a faint galaxy could be recognized, mostly none  
M 103   Cassiopeia G   100P North Oct more like a small star pattern...  
M 104 Sombrero Galaxy Virgo G   150PDS GT Spring May oblique flat glow, but no sombrero  
M 106   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT Spring May found, weak glow?  

Further Catalogs

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula OC LT, TS 100P Summer Sep, Oct, Nov In binoculars better than in the telescope +
IC 4665   Ophiuchus OC   SM102 GT Summer Sep Seen only relatively distant stars  
IC 4756   Serpens OC   ??? Summer Sep? n.f. ?
Mel 20 Alpha Persei Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS 100P Autumn Sep, Oct, Nov very nice, even to the naked eye +
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Feb, Oct, Nov very large +
Mel 111 Coma Berenices Cluster Coma Berenices OC LT 100P Spring May distant OC of relatively bright stars, only for opera glasses; a fant glow to the naked eye +
NGC 457 Owl Cluster Cassiopeia OC   100P North   rather small, the "eyes" stand out  
NGC 663/NGC 654   Cassiopeia OC   100P North   663 probably seen, 654 not  
NGC 884/NGC 869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS 100P, P130 GT, GSD 680 Autumn Feb, Oct, Nov seen with the naked eye in the Northeast, nice in binoculars (both together) +
NGC 2237/2244   Monoceros GE+OC   P130 GT Winter Feb, Mar only cluster NGC 2244 seen  
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cluster Monoceros OC   P130 GT Winter Feb, Mar "Christmas Tree" not recognize in Feb, but in Mar; not seen the nebula within the cluster  
NGC 2360   Canis Major OC   ??? Winter Mar n.f.? ?
NGC 2362   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, GSD 680 Winter Mar primarily, I saw an "L" shape...  
NGC 2392   Gemini PN   P130 GT Winter Mar guessed a small dot...  
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC   P130 GT Summer Sep n.f., too low in Sep ?
NGC 6960/6992/5 Cirrus Nebula Cygnus PN   ??? Summer ??? n.f. ?
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GE   ??? Summer   n.f. ?
St 2 Muscle Man Cassiopeia OC LT, TS   North Oct, Nov Saw stars, but did not recognize the figure  

Double Stars

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
beta Cyg Albireo Cygnus DS   100P Summer Sep Nice difference in color +
alpha Gem Castor Gemini DS   100P Winter May    
epsilon Lyr Double Double Lyra DS   100P Summer Sep Seen only as pair  
zeta UMa Mizar/Alkor Ursa Major DS   100P North Sep Double star; visual double star with Alkor +

Legend

*) "Prime Season" describes when the sky objects are in the South (this is how they are assigned to season in books etc.). Of course, you can observe most sky object in other sky reagions at other times of the year. Column "When observed?" lists, when I observed given sky objects.

Rec.: + = preliminary recommendation of (fairly) easy to find objects; (+) = these objects are nice, but harder to find or require a darker sky; ? = not found or details forgotten

Bino: LT = Leica Trinivid 10 x 25 BC, TS = TS 10 x 60 LE

PN = planetary nebula, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star, SP = star pattern, SC = star cloud

 

Overview of Observed Objects (Sorted by Season and Constellation)

The following version of my observation list is sorted by primary season and by constellation. Its order follows, including the order of the objects themselves, the book Deep Sky Reiseführer by R. Stoyan.

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope When Observed? Remarks Rec.

North

M 81/82 Bode Galaxies Ursa Major G   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT Feb, May, Sep two galaxies, oblique to the left, rounder to the right (+)
zeta UMa Mizar/Alkor Ursa Major DS   100P Sep Double star; visual double star with Alkor +
NGC 457 Owl Cluster Cassiopeia OC   100P   rather small, the "eyes" stand out  
M 103   Cassiopeia G   100P Oct more like a small star pattern...  
NGC 663/NGC 654   Cassiopeia OC   100P   663 probably seen, 654 not  
St 2 Muscle Man Cassiopeia OC TS   Oct, Nov Saw stars, but did not recognize the figure  

Spring

M 96   Leo G   150PDS GT May sometimes, a faint galaxy could be recognized, mostly none  
M 65/66   Leo G   150PDS GT May sometimes, I could see two faint galaxies, often only one  
M 48   Hydra OC   P130 GT Mar nice, but not bright  
M 106   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT May found, weak glow?  
M 94   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT May glow  
M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT May glow (brighter nucleus?), diffuse something...  
M 3   Canes Venatici GC   150PDS GT May similar to M 5 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications +
Mel 111 Coma Berenices Cluster Coma Berenices OC LT 100P May distant OC of relatively bright stars, only for opera glasses; a fant glow to the naked eye +
M 64   Coma Berenices G   150PDS GT May glow, but seen well  
M 53   Coma Berenices GC   150PDS GT May smallest observed GC, somewhat grainy, brighter nucleus at high magnification; not in Stoyan  
M 49   Virgo G   150PDS GT May small, but seen well  
M 104 Sombrero Galaxy Virgo G   150PDS GT May oblique flat glow, but no sombrero  
M 87   Virgo G   150PDS GT May perhaps spherical glow, not much to see  
M 5   Serpens Caput GC   150PDS GT May similar to M 3 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications +

Summer

M 13   Hercules GC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, 102 GT, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 May, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov largest observed GC, some stars visible with 4 mm eyepiece (187.5 x), grainy, somewhat resolved into stars +
M 92   Hercules GC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, 102 GT, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 May, Aug, Sep, Oct similar to M 3 and M 5, somewhat grainy at high magnifications (+)
epsilon Lyr Double Double Lyra DS   100P Sep Seen only as pair  
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN   SM102 GT, P130 GT, 100P Sep, Oct ring may be guessed at high magnifications at best...  
M 56   Lyra GC   100P Sep, Oct sphere visible, but clearly smaller than M 13 and M 92  
M 12   Ophiuchus     SM102 GT Sep faint glow  
M 10   Ophiuchus GC   SM102 GT Sep faint glow  
IC 4665   Ophiuchus OC   SM102 GT Sep Seen only relatively distant stars  
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC   P130 GT Sep n.f., too low in Sep ?
beta Cyg Albireo Cygnus DS   100P Sep Nice difference in color +
M 29   Cygnus OC   ??? ???   ?
NGC 6960/6992/5 Cirrus Nebula Cygnus PN   ??? ??? n.f. ?
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GE   ???   n.f. ?
M 39   Cygnus OC LT, TS 100P Nov at the upper left end of an Y  
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula OC LT, TS 100P Sep, Oct, Nov In binoculars better than in the telescope +
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN   ??? ??? Glow  
M 71   Sagitta GC   ??? ??? M 71 was very distant....  
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster Scutum OC   SM102 GT, P130 GT Sep seen stars, a nebula within  
M 16   Serpens     SM102 GT Sep distant, IC 4703 n.f.  
IC 4756   Serpens OC   ??? Sep? n.f. ?
M 23   Sagittarius OC   ??? ???   ?
M 20 Trifid Nebula Sagittarius GE   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT Aug, Sep seen only stars, not a real "find"...  
M 8 Lagoon Nebula Sagittarius GN+OC   100P, SM102 GT Aug, Sep seen only stars, perhaps some glow...  
M 21   Sagittarius OC   ??? ???   ?
M 24 Small Sagittarius Cloud Sagittarius SP   ??? ???   ?
M 17 Omega/Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE   SM102 GT Sep only stars, a faint glow at best  

Autumn

M 15   Pegasus GC   100P Sep, Oct not as large as M 13 +
M 31   Andromeda G LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb, Sep, Oct, Nov seen best in France, even with binoculars +
NGC 884/NGC 869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS 100P, P130 GT, GSD 680

Feb, Oct, Nov

seen with the naked eye in the Northeast, nice in binoculars (both together) +
M 34   Perseus OC LT, TS 100P Nov    
Mel 20 Alpha Persei Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS 100P Sep, Oct, Nov very nice, even to the naked eye +

Winter

M 38   Auriga OC   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb most difficult to find of M 36-38 +
M 36   Auriga OC   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb the brightest cluster of M 36-38 +
M 37   Auriga OC   100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb outside of Auriga's "body" +
M 45 Pleiades Taurus OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb, Oct, Nov large and nice, particularly in binoculars +
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb, Oct, Nov very large +
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE   P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb very faint, n.f. with 100P  
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb, Mar, Nov beautiful, particularly at higher magnifications; at higher magnifications, the Trapezium can be resolved +
M 78   Orion GR   P130 GT ??? hard to see...  
M 35   Gemini OC   100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680 Feb, May rich of stars and nice +
NGC 2392   Gemini PN   P130 GT Mar guessed a small dot...  
alpha Gem Castor Gemini DS   100P May    
NGC 2237/2244   Monoceros GE+OC   P130 GT Feb, Mar only cluster NGC 2244 seen  
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cluster Monoceros OC   P130 GT Feb, Mar "Christmas Tree" not recognize in Feb, but in Mar; not seen the nebula within the cluster  
M 50   Monoceros OC   P130 GT, GSD 680 May nicer than M 48, filled the view  
M 41   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, GSD 680 Feb does not impress in the telescope...  
NGC 2360   Canis Major OC   ??? Mar n.f.? ?
NGC 2362   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, GSD 680 Mar primarily, I saw an "L" shape...  
M 47   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Mar brighter than M 46  
M 46   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Mar M 46 cluster seen, faint but nice; like a nebula at low magnifications; nebula NGC 2438 not seen  
M 93   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT Mar nice at high magnification, only glow otherwise  
M 44 Praesepe/Crib Cancer OC LT 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT Feb, Mar, May very nice also in binoculars; ditto in the telescope +
M 67   Cancer OC   150PDS GT May somewhat distant OC  

Legend

Column "When observed?" lists, when I observed given sky objects.

Rec.: + = preliminary recommendation of (fairly) easy to find objects; (+) = these objects are nice, but harder to find or require a darker sky; ? = not found or details forgotten

Bino: LT = Leica Trinivid 10 x 25 BC, TS = TS 10 x 60 LE

PN = planetary nebula, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star, SP = star pattern, SC = star cloud

 

Remarks

The above lists contain (almost) all celestial objects that I have tried to observe. For many, I succeeded, for some more or less, and for others not at all. Some of the latter objects are listed as a reminder to try again...

Observation details can be found on the pages describing my observations, as well as on the pages dedicated to the individual celestial objects; the latter pages are linked to in the tables above.

 

References

Books

Websites

On this Website

 

Appendix: Overviews of the Observation Pages

August - October 2016

For details see page Deep Sky Summer/Autumn Observations August-October 2016

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino* 100P 100P
GT
SM102
GT
P130
GT
GSD 680 Remarks
M 13 Hercules Nebula Hercules GC yes yes yes yes yes yes prime object
M 92   Hercules GC yes yes yes yes yes yes harder to find than M 13
M 29   Cygnus OC              
NGC 6960/6992/5 Cirrus/Veil Nebula Cygnus PN              
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GE              
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN             nebula, but no dumbbell...
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula SP             not found
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN   no   yes yes   a hint of the ring at best
M 56   Lyra GC             a small sphere
M 71   Sagitta GC             very loose
M 10   Ophiuchus GC       yes     a faint glow
M 12   Ophiuchus GC       yes     a faint glow
IC 4665   Ophiuchus OC       yes     only relatively distant stars
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC             already too low on the horizon
M 5   Serpens Caput GC             already too low on the horizon
IC 4756   Serpens Cauda OC             probably not found
M 16/IC 4703 Eagle Nebula Serpens Cauda OC/GE       yes     appeared as a very wide open star cluster; did not see the nebula IC 4703
M 17 Omega/Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE       yes     saw only stars and, at best, a faint glow
M 8/NGC 6530 Lagoon Nebula Sagittarius OC/GE   yes   yes     saw only stars, maybe some faint glow in the Lagoon Nebula
M 20 Trifid Nebula Sagittarius GE   ? ? ?     not found
M 21, 23   Sagittarius OC, OC             not observed?
M 24   Sagittarius SC              
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster Scutum GC       yes yes   saw stars and some nebula around them
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G yes? yes yes   yes   in the North-East; a glow, no details
NGC 884/869 Double Star Cluster Perseus OC   yes         in the North-East
M 15   Pegasus GC   yes          
M 103   Cassiopeia OC   yes         looked more like a small asterism
NGC 663   Cassiopeia OC   yes          
NGC 654   Cassiopeia OC             not found
NGC 457 Owl Cluster, ET Cluster Cassiopeia OC             probably not observed
St 2 Muscle Man Cassiopeia OC             not observed

*) 10 x 25 binoculars; GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, G = galaxy, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star, SP = star pattern, SC = star cloud

February/March 2017

For details see page Deep Sky Winter Observations February/March 2017

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino* 100P 100P
 GT

P130 
GT

GSD 
680
Remarks
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE yes yes yes yes yes in part very beautiful
M 78   Orion GR   -- -- yes ??? very faint, not found with 100P
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G yes   yes yes yes fairly faint in the West
M 35   Gemini OC     yes yes yes many stars
M 36   Auriga OC   yes yes yes yes the brightest of M 36-38
M 37   Auriga OS     yes yes yes  
M 38   Auriga OS   yes yes yes    
M 44 Praesepe Cancer OS yes   yes yes   in an awkward position for me
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE   -- -- yes yes very faint, not found with 100P
M 45 Pleiades Taurus OC yes yes yes yes yes large
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC yes yes yes yes yes very large
NGC 884/869 P. Double Cluster Perseus OC yes **   yes yes in the West, close to the zenith
M 41   Canis Major OC       yes    
M 81/82 Bode Galaxies Ursa Major G       yes   very faint
NGC 2237/2244 Rosette Nebula Monoceros GE       yes   only star cluster found
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cl. Monoceros OC       yes   christmas tree not recognized...

*) 10 x 25 binoculars; ** found in France in autumn 2016; GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, G = galaxy, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster

End of March 2017

For details see page Deep Sky Winter/Spring Observations End of March 2017

DSO
Name Constellation Type 100P P130
GT
GSD
680
Remarks
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE       not found or forgot results
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE yes yes yes very nice
M 78   Orion GR       not found
M 44 Praesepe Cancer OC yes yes   very nice
M 67   Cancer OC       not found or forgot results
M 46/NGC 2438   Puppis OC yes yes   star cluster M 46 weak but nice, looked like a nebula at low magnification; nebula NGC 2438 not found
M 47   Puppis OC yes yes   brighter than M 46
M 93   Puppis OC yes yes   nice at higher magnifications, only glow otherwise
NGC 2237-9/46/NGC 2244 Open star cluster in Rosette Nebula Monoceros OC   yes   saw star cluster NGC 2244 only, did not find the Rosette Nebula
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree cluster Monoceros OC   yes   saw the "christmas tree", but not the nebula within the cluster
M 50   Monoceros OC   yes yes nicer than M 48, filled the view
M 41   Canis Major OC yes yes yes nice, particularly at higher magnifications
NGC 2362 Canis Major cluster Canis Major OC yes yes yes I saw primarily an "L" shape...
NGC 2360   Canis Major OC       not found or forgot results
NGC 2392 Eskimo Nebula Gemini PN   yes   there seemed to be a small little dot...
M 35   Gemini OC   yes yes nice, many stars
M 36   Auriga OC   yes   the brightest cluster from M 36, M 37, and M 38
M 37   Auriga OC   yes   located outside of the "Auriga body!
M 38   Auriga OC   yes   the most difficult to see from M 36, M 37, and M 38
M 48   Hydra OC   yes   nice, not bright

PN = planetary nebula, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster

May 2017

For details see page Deep Sky Spring/Early Summer Observations May 2017

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino*   100P 150 PDS
GT
Remarks
M 81/82 Bode Galaxies Ursa Major G     yes two galaxies, the left one oblique and flat, the right one rounder
zeta UMa Mizar Ursa Major DS   yes   double star; visual double star with Alcor
  Canes Venatici G     yes found, weak glow?
  Canes Venatici GC     yes similar to M 5 and M 92, somewhat grainy at higher magnifications
Whirlpool Galaxy Canes Venatici G     yes glow (perhapbs with brighter core), undefinded something, somewhat larger
M 94   Canes Venatici G     yes glow
Coma (Berenices) Star Cluster Coma Berenices OC yes yes   wide-spread open star cluster with relativly bright stars, best seen with opera glasses; a faint glow with the naked eye
Blackeye Galay Coma Berenices G     yes glow, but faily good to see
  Coma Berenices GC     yes smallest observed GC, somewhat grainy, brighter core at higher magnifications
  Virgo G     yes small, but seen quite well
M 87   Virgo G     yes perhaps a round glow, not much seen
Sombrero Galaxy Virgo G     yes oblique flat glow, no sombrero...
  Serpens Caput GC     yes similar to M 3 and M 92, somewhat grainy at higher magnifications
M 44 Praesepe Cancer OC yes yes yes very nice in binoculars
M 67   Cancer OC     yes somewhat wide-spread open star cluster
M 65/66   Leo G     yes sometimes I was able to recognize two galaxies
M 96   Leo G     yes sometimes I was able to recognize a galaxy, but often not so...
M 35   Gemini OC     yes very nice OC, fairly large
alpha Gem Castor Gemini DS   yes   double star
M 13   Hercules GC yes yes yes largest observed GC, with 4 mm eyepiece (187,5 x) a few stars recognizable, grainy, fairly well resolved into stars
M 92   Hercules GC     yes similar to M 5 and M 5, somewhat grainy at higher magnifications

*) 10 x 25 binoculars; G = galaxy, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star

September 2017

For details see page Deep Sky Summer/Autumn Observations September 2017

DSO
Name Constellation Type Bino* 100P Remarks
M 13 Hercules Cluster Hercules GC yes yes prime objects
epsilon Lyrae Double Double Lyra DS   yes seen as a pair only, not as "double pair"
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula SP yes yes in binoculars, the shape is better to recognize than in the telescope
beta Cyg Albireo Cygnus DS   yes nice color difference, leads the way to the Coat Hanger
M 15   Pegasus GC   yes smaller than M 13
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G yes yes in the North-East; seen as bright and large as never before, particularly with binoculars
NGC 884/869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC yes yes in the North-East, already visible to the naked eye
Mel 20 Alpha Persei Cluster (Mirfak) Perseus OC yes yes beautiful, even with the naked eye
NGC 457 Owl or E.T. Cluster Cassiopeia OC   yes? relatively small, the eyes stand out
M 81/82 Bode Galaxies Ursa Major G   yes in Sumène, both galaxies were easily visible
zeta UMa Mizar/Alkor Ursa Major DS   yes the pair was easy to see

*) 10 x 25 binoculars; G = galaxy, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star, SP = star pattern

Binocular Observations

For details see page Sky Objects Seen in Binoculars

DSO
Name Constellation Type
Binoculars
Leica Trinovid 10 x 25 BC TS 10 x 60 LE
St 2 Muscle Man Cassiopeia OC Nov Oct, Nov
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G Feb, Mar, May, Sep, Oct, Nov Oct, Nov
NGC 884/869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC Feb, Mar, Sep, Oct, Nov Oct, Nov
M 34 Open Star Cluster Perseus OC Nov Nov
Mel 20 Alpha Persei (= Mirfak) Cluster Perseus OC Sep, Oct, Nov Oct, Nov
M 13 Hercules Cluster Hercules GC Sep, Nov, and again and again... Oct, Nov
M 92   Hercules GC Sep Oct
M 39 Open Star Cluster Cygnus OC Nov Nov
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula SP Sep, Oct, Nov Oct, Nov
M 44 Praesepe/Crib Cancer OC Feb, Mar, May ---
Mel 111 Coma Berenice Cluster Coma Berenice OC May ---
M 45 Pleiades/Seven Sisters Taurus OC Feb, Mar, Oct, Nov, and again and again... Oct, Nov
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC Feb, Mar, Oct, Nov Oct, Nov
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE Feb, Mar, and again and again... Nov

G = galaxy, GE = galactic emission nebula, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, SP = star pattern

 

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17.11.2017