Messier 78 (M 78)

Introduction | Map | Find/Identify | Sketch | My Best Own Photos | My Own Observations | References || Appendix: My Own Photos

On this page I collect my observations of the galactic recflection nebula M 78 in the Orion constellation.

 

Introduction

The galactic reflection nebula M 78 in the constellation Orion constellation is not on my "Winter list" (it has only a "one star" rating...), but because it seemed easy to find to me, I looked out for it, as well.

February 2017 ... December 2019

Well, all search seemed to be in vain - I did find M 78 neither with binoculars nor with the small 100P Dobsonian telescope (4") - not even with GoTo mount. With the larger 8 " Dobsonian GSD 680 telescope I might have caught a glimpse of M 78 and another nebulous object, but I would not want to denote this as "find"... But finally, on February 26 (new moon), I indeed found a weak glimpse of M 78 with my Heritage P130 5" Dobsonian telescope on my GoTo mount (and thus, conclude that I had seen it with the GSD 680 as well). And only in December 2019, I saw M 78 well for the first time with my new C8, and was able to identify it without any doubts.

Beginning of 2020

Wit the eVscope I was able to see more details under a dark sky.

Size: 5' x 4' (Stoyan)
Distance: 1,200 light years (Stoyan)
Rating: * (Stoyan)

 

Map

M 42 and M 43 in Orion's sword; M 78 (top left) is located between Alnitak and Betelgeuse (Image Courtesy of SkySafari Astronomy, www.simulationcurriculum.com)

 

Find/Identify

Find: M 78 is located at 1/4 of the distance between the left girdle star Alnitak (you need not remember this name ...) to the left of "shoulder star" Betelgeuse and a small amount outside (or to the left...) of Orion's body.

Identify: When I see a "shimmer" with two stars in it, I know that I have found M 78 (see the sketch). (Image Courtesy of SkySafari Astronomy, www.simulationcurriculum.com)

 

Sketch

The sketch by Michael Vlasov (DeepSkyWatch.com) provides a rough impression of what I should have - and may have - observed:

Sketch of the M78 Nebula by Michael Vlasov (Copyright © Michael Vlasov 2016) - presented with the author's permission

 

My Best Own Photos

Atik Infinity & C5 (February 13, 2021)

         

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021

 

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021, post-processed

 

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021, alternatively post-processed

Photo taken with Celestron C5 with f/6.3 reducer/corrector (February 13, 2021), 600 x 450 version of the whole image

Sony RX10 M4 (February 12, 2021)

    

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO 6400, processed, section

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average), processed, section

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average)

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average), processed

Photo data: M mode with 1 s and f/4, 600 mm, ISO 6400, long-time noise suppression off, manual focus

eVscope

         

M 78 - Feb 24, 2020

 

M 78 - Feb 24, 2020, photo left processed

  M 78 - Mar 22, 2020
   

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed

 

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed alternatively

 

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed darker

     
M 78 - Feb 17, 2021   M 78 - Feb 17, 2021, photo left processed    

 

My Own Observations

Observations February/March 2017

Observations End of March 2017

Observations December 2019

Observations January 2020

Observations February to March 2020

Observations February 2021

 

References

On this Site


Appendix: My Own Photos

Atik Infinity & C5 (February 13, 2021)

         

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021

 

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021, post-processed

 

M 78 - Feb 13, 2021, alternatively post-processed

Photo taken with Celestron C5 with f/6.3 reducer/corrector (February 13, 2021), 600 x 450 version of the whole image

Sony RX10 M4 (February 12, 2021)

    

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO 6400

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO 6400, processed

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO 6400, processed, section

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average), processed, section

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, ISO, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average)

 

M 78 with Sony RX10 M4, 11 photos stacked in Affinity Photo (average), processed

Photo data: M mode with 1 s and f/4, 600 mm, ISO 6400, long-time noise suppression off, manual focus

eVscope

         

M 78 - Jan 28, 2020, processed

 

M 78 - Feb 6, 2020

 

M 78 - Feb 6, 2020, processed

   

M 78 - Feb 16, 2020, processed

 

M 78 - Feb 24, 2020

 

M 78 - Feb 24, 2020, processed

   

M 78 - Mar 18, 2020

 

M 78 - Mar 18 2020, left version processed

  M 78 - Mar 22, 2020
   

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed

 

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed alternatively

 

M 78 - Mar 22, 2020, top right version processed darker

     
M 78 - Feb 17, 2021   M 78 - Feb 17, 2021, photo left processed    
   
M 78 - Feb 20, 2021   M 78 - Feb 20, 2021   M M 78 - Feb 20, 2021
   
M 78 - Feb 20, 2021, photo on top processed   M 78 - Feb 20, 2021, photo on top processed   M 78 - Feb 20, 2021, photo on top processed