Deep Sky Objects

Table of Deep Sky Objects | References

The following table of easy to find and larger Deep Sky Objects (DSO) was put together by me from the books Deep Sky Reiseführer/Reiseatlas (Stoyan/Feiler & Noack) and Atlas für Himmelsbeobachter (Karkoschka) (see References).

This list is intended to help me - and perhaps others - to select deep sky objects for observation in the course of the year. The Deep Sky Reiseführer/Reiseatlas rating/ranking might help here.

Note: For objects that I observed myself, I am creating additional pages, which contain star maps (created with SkySafari) that help find the objects in the sky. These pages are accessible via links in the table below and open in a new window.

See also: Short List (Own Observations, Recommendations from the Internet) - Short List (by Seasons)

 

Table of Deep Sky Objects

Catalogue
Name
Constellation
Season
Ranking
Type
Size
 Bino-  
M
NGC
Other
English Latin English* ** S/F&N   S/F&N K cular? Remarks
3031
Bode Galaxy Ursa Major Great Bear North **** G 12' x 5' 18'   Together with M 82
3034
Bode Galaxy Ursa Major Great Bear North **** G 6' x 2' 10'   Together with M 81
52
7654
  Cassiopeia Queen North *** OC 10' 12'    
457
Owl Nebula Cassiopeia Queen North *** OC 15' x 10' 12'    
581
  Cassiopeia Queen North *** OC 6' 6'    
663
  Cassiopeia Queen North ** OC 15' 15'    
654
  Cassiopeia Queen North * OC 5' x 3' 5'    
Kemble's Cascade Camelopardis Giraffe North *** SP 2.8°     No number
48
2548
  Hydra Water Snake Spring *** OC 50' x 30' 40'    
68
4590
  Hydra Water Snake Spring ** GC 5' 10'    
3242
  Hydra Water Snake Spring ** PN 0.6' 0.6'    
83
5236
  Hydra Water Snake Spring **** G 7' x 5' 8'    
106
4258
  Canes Venatici Hunting Dogs Spring ** G 8' x 3.5' 12'    
3
5272
  Canes Venatici Hunting Dogs Spring *** GC 7' 10'    
51
5194
Whirlpool Galaxy Canes Venatici Hunting Dogs Spring *** G 8' x 4' 8'    
Mel111
  Coma Berenices Berenice's Hair Spring *** OC 3.5°      
4565
  Coma Berenices Berenice's Hair Spring *** G 13' x 1' 15'    
64
4826
  Coma Berenices Berenice's Hair Spring *** G 4.5' x 2.5' 6'    
53
5024
  Coma Berenices Berenice's Hair Spring ** GC 4' 7'    
49
4472
  Virgo Young Maiden (Virgin) Spring ** G 5' 5'    
104
4594
Sombrero Galaxy Virgo Young Maiden (Virgin) Spring *** G 7' x 2' 8'    
5904
  Serpens Caput Head of the Serpent Spring **** GC 6' 12'    
6205
Hercules Cluster Hercules Strong Man Summer **** GC 8' 15' yes  
6341
  Hercules Strong Man Summer *** GC 7' 8'    
6720
Ring Nebula Lyra Harp Summer **** PN 1.2' 1.5'    
6779
  Lyra Harp Summer ** GC 3' 5'    
6254
  Ophiuchus Serpent Bearer Summer ** GC 8' 12'    
6218
  Ophiuchus Serpent Holder Summer ** GC 5' 12'    
  Ophiuchus Serpent Holder Summer *** OC 70'      
6633
  Ophiuchus Serpent Holder Summer *** OC 20' 20'    
4
6121
  Scorpius Scorpion Summer *** GC 12' 18'    
80
6093
  Scorpius Scorpion Summer ** GC 5' 5'    
6
6405
Butterfly Cluster Scorpius Scorpion Summer **** OC 25' x 20' 20'    
7
6475
  Scorpius Scorpion Summer **** OC 80' 50'    
6913
  Cygnus Swan Summer ** OC 6' 6'    
Cirrus, Veil Nebula Cygnus Swan Summer *** GNE 45' x 5' 60'    
North America Nebula Cygnus Swan Summer **** GNE 1.3° 120'    
Cr399
  Vulpecula Little Fox Summer *** SP 60'      
6853
Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula Little Fox Summer ***** PN 8' x 4' 7'    
6838
  Sagitta Arrow Summer *** GC 6' 5'    
6705
  Scutum Shield Summer **** OC 7' 12'    
6611
  Serpens Cauda Tail of the Serpent Summer *** OC 10' 25'   Within IC 4703
Eagle Nebula Serpens Cauda Tail of the Serpent Summer * GN 45' x 20'     Surrounds M 16
23
6494
  Sagittarius Archer Summer ** OC 25' 25'    
6514
Trifid Nebula Sagittarius Archer Summer ** GNE 15' x 10' 20'    
6523
Lagoon Nebula Sagittarius Archer Summer **** GN+OC 20' x 10'/7' 60'    
24
  Sagittarius Archer Summer *** SP 1.5° x 0.5° 100'    
6618
Omega, Swan Nebula Sagittarius Archer Summer **** GNE 20' x 15' 35'    
25
IC4725
  Sagittarius Archer Summer *** OC 30' 30'    
28
6626
  Sagittarius Archer Summer ** GCS 5' 6'   Close to M 22
22
6656
  Sagittarius Archer Summer **** GC 9' 20'   Brightest GC in Middle Europe
55
6809
  Sagittarius Archer Summer ** GC 12' 15'    
30
7099
  Capricornus Sea Goat Summer ** GC 5' 6'    
7078
  Pegasus Pegasus Autumn **** GC 6' 10'    
72
6981
  Aquarius Water Bearer Autumn ** GC 3' 3'    
7009
Saturn Nebula Aquarius Water Bearer Autumn ** PN 0.4' 0.6'    
2
7089
  Aquarius Water Bearer Autumn *** OC 6' 10'    
7293
Helix Nebula Aquarius Water Bearer Autumn *** PN 12' 15'    
7662
  Andromeda Chained Maiden Autumn ** PN 0.5' 0.5'    
224
Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda Chained Maiden Autumn ***** G 3° x 1° 150' yes  
33
598
Triangulum Galaxy Triangulum Triangle Autumn *** G 30' x 20' 50'    
76
650
  Perseus Greek Hero Autumn ** PN 1' 2.5'    
  Perseus Greek Hero Autumn ***** OC 20' 25' yes Double star cluster with NGC 884
  Perseus Greek Hero Autumn ***** OC 25' 25' yes Double star cluster with NGC 869
34
1039
  Perseus Greek Hero Autumn *** OC 35' 30'    
1528
  Perseus Greek Hero Autumn *** OC 18' 25'    
77
1068
  Cetus Whale Autumn *** G 2' 3'    
253
Sculptor Galaxy Sculptor Sculptor Autumn *** G 20' x 4' 25'    
1912
  Auriga Charioteer Winter *** OC 25' 20'    
1960
  Auriga Charioteer Winter *** OC 12' 15'    
2099
  Auriga Charioteer Winter *** OC 16' 25'    
2281
  Auriga Charioteer Winter ** OC 25' x 18' 20'    
Pleiades, Seven Sisters Taurus Bull Winter ***** OC 1.8° x 1.2° 100' yes  
Hyades Taurus Bull Winter *** OC 5° x 4° 300' yes  
1952
Crab Nebula Taurus Bull Winter *** GNE 5' x 4' 6'    
1647
  Taurus Bull Winter ** OC 35' 40'    
1976
Orion Nebula Orion Hunter Winter ***** GNE 25' x 30' 40' yes  
1982
  Orion Hunter Winter ** GNE 6' x 3' 12'   Part of M 42
2068
  Orion Hunter Winter * GNR 5' x 4' 7'    
79
1904
  Lepus Hare Winter ** GC 5' 6'    
2168
  Gemini Twins Winter **** OC 28' 30' yes  
  Monoceros Unicorn Winter *** OC 23' 25'   Together with NGC 2237
Rosette Nebula Monoceros Unicorn Winter * GNE 80' x 60' 80'   Together with NGC 2244
Christmas Tree Monoceros Unicorn Winter *** OC 20' 15'    
50
2323
  Monoceros Unicorn Winter *** OC 20' 15'    
2287
  Canis Major Big Dog Winter *** OC 40' 30'    
2362
  Canis Major Big Dog Winter *** OC 8' 6'    
47
2422
  Puppis Stern of the Argo navis Winter *** OC 30' x 20' 25'    
46
2437
  Puppis Stern of the Argo navis Winter *** OC 20' x 15' 25'   Together with NGC 2438
2438
  Puppis Stern of the Argo navis Winter * PN 1.1' 1.0'   Together with M 46
2632
Praesepe, Beehive Cancer Crab Winter **** OC 70' 80'    
67
2682
  Cancer Crab Winter *** OC 15' 20'    

Legend

*) The english constellation names were taken from Constellation Guide - Constellation Names and are often more "meanings" than "approved names"; there you can read more about the names and their bakground.

**) "North" means that the constellations are circumpolar and can be observed the whole year through.

Type: G = galaxy, GC = globular star cluster, OC = open star cluster, PN = planetary nebula, GN = galactic nebula (GNE = emission, GNR = reflection), SP = star pattern

 

References

 

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18.03.2017