Sony RX10 M3: Focusing with the Flexible Spot

Focus Areas - Overview | Using the Flexible Spot Focus Area | Conclusions | References

On this page, I briefly describe the focus areas* that can be set on the Sony RX10 M3/4 camera, and then I focus on how the flexible spot focus area can be set and works.

*) Note that Sony changed its terminology once again from Autofocus Area for the RX100 M1 to Focus Area for the RX100 M4/RX10 M3/4.


Autofocus Areas - Overview

The Sony RX10 M3/4 offers several types of autofocus areas that you select in the Focus Area menu:

Note: I do not discuss Lock-on AF, which is used with continuous AF only.


This is the default option for the focus area, and probably most users will not change this. We, on the other hand, rarely use it, because with our early cameras we made the experience that the camera focused on near-by objects, even though the focus fields would not touch them and thus, got blurry photos. I found this behavior recently for budget Canon DSLRs, as well. Anyway, to keep control over the focusing process, we usually use one of the following two options.


With this option, the camera focuses on whatever object it finds within a frame at the center. If the object is not at the center, you place the focus frame on it, half-press the shutter to lock the focus (and exposure), reframe, and then take the shot. This usually works well, provided the camera finds focus at all. In that case, you have to resort to other methods that I discuss elsewhere on this site.

There is one situation, where I often miss focus when using the center frame, namely photos of two people sitting at a table during a meal (or similar scenes). Usually, I do not care for the focus frame, because I am in a hurry or talk with the people - and so focus straight away at the background, which is typically at the center of the frame, and the two persons are fuzzy...

Flexible Spot

The Flexible Spot option gives you at lot of control over where the camera directs its focus operation. Use it if you want to focus on a specific area in a scene, especially if the camera might have difficulty in determining where to direct its focus, because of the placement of multiple objects in the same general area. It is also more useful when using a tripod than when shooting hand-held, because, in the latter case, you can also move the camera instead of the frame.

The focus frame can be changed in size (in three steps S, M, and L), with the medium size at about the size of the Center option. This allows more precise selection of the focus area.

Expand Flexible Spot

The Expand Flexible Spot option is similar to the Flexible Spot option, but you cannot change the focus area size. Instead, this option starts with a small frame, which is automatically expanded somewhat (the expansion area is also indicated) when the camera does not find focus at the current position.

In the following, I describe how to use the Flexible Spot focus area in more detail.


Using the Flexible Spot Focus Area

Activating the Flexible Spot Focus Area in the Menu

You activate the Flexible Spot autofocus area via the Focus Area menu item, either in the Shooting menu on page 4, or you add it to the Fn menu as well, as I did, and access it from there. The latter is useful whenever you want to change the autofocus area from time to time:


On page 4 in the Shooting menu, you can set the Focus Area (here set to Center)


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Wide is selected ...


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Center is selected ...


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Flexible Spot with size M is selected ...


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Flexible Spot with size L is selected ...


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Flexible Spot with size S is selected ...


On the detail screen, you can select the type of focus area; here Expand Flexible Spot is selected ...


The screen for selecting the focus area in the Fn menu (here set to Flexible Spot size M)...


...leads to a detail screen that looks like the menu screen for the same function; here, the RX10 M3/4 and RX100 M4 are more consistent than the RX100 M1

*) Note that I present mostly screens taken from the Sony RX100 M4 here, because they are the same for the RX10 M3/4 to avoid double work; the two menu screen differ slightly and are therefore taken from the RX10 M3.

Activating/Deactivating and Moving the Flexible Spot Focus Area Around

You activate the Flexible Spot for moving it around by pressing the center button (it is also activated, after you set in in the menu); a white focus frame with direction arrows appears at the center of the screen/EVF (original position, if it had not already been moved). The direction arrows indicate that you can move the AF area using the direction buttons on the control wheel. If you half-press the shutter button, the white frame turns to gray (hard to see), the arrows disappear, and you can no longer move the frame. If you want to move the frame again, press the center button again to activate it.

The C3 button serves as a shortcut key that allows you to reset the position and size of the focus frame.


You activate the Flexible Spot by pressing the center button; a whits focus frame (size S) appears at the center (original position). Around the frame are direction arrows indicating that you can move the AF area using the cursor keys.


White focus frame moved to a different location - it is still moveable...


The focus frame is in the same position but can no longer be moved (after pressing the center button). It is gray now and hard to see...

Overall, I find the orange focus frame of our RX100 models easier to see...

Changing the Size of the Flexible Spot

You can change the size of the Flexible Spot focus area already in the menu when you select it (using the direction keys on the control wheel), or you change it while the Flexible Spot focus area is active, that is, indicated in white and with direction arrows. In the latter case, you use the control wheel itself for this purpose.


Flexible Spot size M


Flexible Spot size L


Flexible Spot size S



It is not difficult to activate the Flexible Spot focus area on the Sony RX10 M3/4, particularly if you add the Focus Area function to the Fn menu, as I did. The Flexible Spot is particularly useful when using the camera on a tripod where you cannot move it for focusing. The smaller AF area may also be helpful in cases where autofocus does not find a target (alternatively, you can resort to manual focus in this case).




An den Anfang   Homepage  

gerd (at) waloszek (dot) de

About me
made by walodesign on a mac!